Explanation of a summary in detail



The word abstract can take the form of a noun (abstract) or an adjective (abstract: brief). The two are obviously not independent, since one of the meanings of a table of contents is an abstract. The term also comes from the Latin abstract for “abbreviation”. In English, the verb to summarize means to summarize. So yes: abstracts must be abstracts!

Definition of summary

Abstract is a fairly broad term that summarizes various aspects of literary, journalistic or scientific work (thesis, dissertation, etc.). It can correspond to an abstract presenting a major part of a document, a presentation of a book chapter, or the title and author of a journal article. A summary is a summary announcing the main elements or parts of a document. It can appear in academic writing, a journal, a book, etc. It is a brief summary of a larger work that allows the reader to fully understand it. To write an abstract, authors collect the main ideas of articles, papers, TV shows or movies they have read or watched and condense the main ideas into a short outline.

How to Create a Summary in Word

To learn Word well, you must first understand the names of functions. In Word, add a table of contents by inserting a table of contents. For those with an English interface, it’s the more familiar “Table of Contents” with the acronym “ToC”.

In order to automatically update your catalog, you must prepare it. This preparation requires the use of styles and a good style hierarchy between them. So let’s start with the first step.

We recommend that you build your Summary by applying the styles provided by Word to your headings and subheadings. First you need to select each heading and choose which category (style) you want to include.

What is the difference between a summary and a table of contents?

Abstracts and table of contents are often confused for various reasons.

First, their functions are close because they reject parts of sets. Also, like cover letters or resumes, there are no set rules for defining their good use, and they vary depending on the type of support.

More and more, table of contents and abstract are confused. A table of contents is a complete list of document sections and subsections.

Abstracts are usually more concise and do not necessarily include all subsections. The table of contents provides a summary of the sections in the document and is therefore located at the beginning of the document.

Where to position the summary?

In academic writings, news articles and books, the summary is usually placed at the beginning.


For journal articles, the abstract may include the title of the article and its authors.

For books, he can introduce different chapters, and for scholarly writings, he can list the main parts that make up the outline of the document.

The summary in scientific writing

In academic writings (dissertations, theses, internship reports, etc.), the summary is positioned at the beginning of the document. It is desirable that its length does not exceed two pages. The summary must remain a summary: it presents a synthetic vision of the document. It thus indicates its main parts.

Opinions differ on the naming of pages for sound. Some advocate no page numbers, while others, like us, recommend it. In fact, it is more common to find these details in academic writings. Nonetheless, you must check the college essays that guide your writing, there is no evidence that they contradict them. Of course, if you decide not to include page numbers in the abstract, you must include them in the table of contents at the end of the document. Also, directories at the beginning of a document inevitably require directories at the end.

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